History Of Country Region
DVIN Greek Dou,bioj. Founded 4th c. BC, located on a hill in the valley Arart Marz of the river Arax, 35 km 22 mi S of Yerevan not far from Mt. Ararat. The Arsacid king Chosroes II 330â€“338 refounded the city, moving his residence there from Artaxata. A Persian marzban was killed there in the Armenian uprising of 572; on this occasion the cathedral of St. Gregory, which had been used as a depot, Portugal Subway Map was burned down. In 640 Dvin was conquered by the Muslims and was made the seat of the governor Dabil. The capital of Armenia from the 4thâ€“9th c., Dvin was a prosperous commercial city and was destroyed by Turkish invaders in the 13th c. It was an episcopal see from the 4th c., and from the 5th c. a see of the Armenian catholicos not from the time of Giwt 461â€“471478, but from that of catholicos John I Mandakuni ca. 484485, when Armenia obtained religious autonomy within the Persian empire. Portugal Subway Map Dvin then became the ecclesiastical and administrative capital, hosting numerous synods: the city boasts numerous and significant Christian buildings.
The phases of construction have been identified for the â€œcathedralâ€ dedicated to St. Gregory the Illuminator: the building of Vahan Mamikonian late 5th c., who rebuilt the churches destroyed in the mid-5th c. by the Zoroastrians; the reconstruction of Smbat Bagratuni 606â€“621, when the earlier plan of three aisles divided by pillars was modified by adding two apses on the sides, after a â€œfashionâ€ peculiar to the 6th c. cf. Constantinople and Bethlehem; see M. Dâ€™Onofrio, Le chiese di Dvin, 13- 48. Near this building arose the palace of the catholicos of Armenia, who resided at Dvin for about five centuries, and the one-aisled church of St. Yzbuzit 6th c.. Another church, now vanished, was the church of St. Sergius, built by Narses III 641â€“661, probably extra moenia: to it Dâ€™Onofrio attributes a pendentive preserved in the museum of Dvin, whose resemblance to those of Zvartâ€™noc includes its bearing functions, Portugal Subway Map factors that have led to a hypothetical identification of the so-called ghost building of Dvin with the church of St. Sergius, which was probably similar to Zvartâ€™noc in iconography and architectural decoration. After the Turkish destruction 13th c., the site was forgotten until the early 20th c., when excavations began.