North Maluku Travel on This involved the establishment of offshore detention camps for migrants attempting to reach Australia by boat and the excision of remote Australian territories from the country’s migration zone, making it impossible to claim asylum on outlying islands that are key destinations on maritime migration routes. Placing these developments in the context of the longer duree of mobilities and exchanges across the maritime highways of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, Perera points to the formation of a shifting and conflictual zone in which different temporalities and overlapping emplacements as well as emergent spatial organizations take shape (2007, 206-7). Independently from these developments in the Pacific zone, the concept of the borderscape nicely captures many of the important conflicts and transformations that have been at stake in border studies debates in the past two decades, whether in fields such as political geography (Newman and Paasi 1998) or international relations (Bigo 2006), to name only two. The concept suggests the dynamic character of the border, which is now widely understood as a set of practices and discourses that spread’ into the whole of society (Paasi 1999, 670). At the same time, it registers the necessity to analyze the border not only in its spatial but also in its temporal dimensions. Mobilizing the concept of the borderscape allows us to highlight the conflictual determination of the border, the tensions and struggles that play a decisive role in its constitution. Our approach is very different from arguments that stress the normative illegitimacy of the exclusion effected by borders (see, for example, Cole 2000 and Carens 2010) and issue in various calls for their opening or abolition (Harris 2002; Hayter 2004). North Maluku Travel 2016.
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