Nampula Travel

Nampula Travel on This perspective also gives rise to a new way of studying movements and struggles of migration across the region. Samaddar explains that in the 1990s, parallel to the growth of the Hindu right (Bharatiya Janata Party) in India, migration came to be closely associated with the issue of power, security and the destiny of a state. This aggressively nationalist politicization of migration and border control can only be understood if one takes into account that for the migrant herself, mobility is charged with political meanings that crisscross and often exceed economic motivations. The immigrant’s flight, Samaddar writes, is his/her form of resistance (150). Border fencing as well as issuing photo identity cards to villagers close to the border (the main control techniques deployed by the Indian state) confront a transborder mobility that contradicts the absoluteness of political borders and boundaries and challenges the ‘holiness of the cow’ that citizenship is (77). The resulting cartographic anxiety signals a temporal as well as spatial suspension, where both the gap between the former colony and the not yet nation and the demarcation between the inside and outside are blurred (Samaddar 1999,107-9). It also sheds light on a conflict between practices of mobility and border reinforcement that has to be understood as a conflict between different modalities of the production of space at the local, national, and regional levels. Nampula Travel 2016.

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