An Islamic legal scholar who is called upon to give opinions based on his knowledge of the Qur’an, the Hadith, and Islamic legal traditions. His opinions, known as fatwa, carry considerable weight and are usually issued in response to a particular query on a specific concern from an outside source. In today’s world, when most Muslims live under bodies of civil, secular law, most mufti find themselves called to pronounce on personal matters such as marriage or inheritance. At other times they have played far more prominent roles, such as in the case of the Grand Mufti of Constantinople, who was one of the highest officials of the Turkish Ottoman Empire (ca. 13301921). SEE ALSO: fatwa; sharia; ulema Did the Grand Mufti get it wrong?