Map of Charters Towers on 1homas that appear in both the weekly sixpenny parts and in the early bound book editions of The Last Chronicle of Barset? Figure 1 shows the frontispiece that opens the first edition. The sixt y-four illustrations and vignettes in the first edition do not appear in any of the modern editions l have seen. No doubt the reasons are partly economic. It is expensive to include a lot of illustrations in a cheap paperback, but l think the reasons are also ideological. It was generally assumed in most of the twentieth-century that the illustrations were not important. Their absence in modern editions of The Last Chronicle of Barset hides the fact that it, like most Victorian novels, was a multi-media collective creation. The omission of the original illustrations, until recently at least, from modern reprints ofVictorian novels fundamentally falsifies their original mode of existence, as a good bit of recent scholarship has begun to show. Map of Charters Towers 2016.