Mangghystau Travel on To this there corresponds a new rigor in the . control of labor mobility. The establishment of new sezs near Thailand’s borders provides an empirical setting from which an analysis of these transformations can be carried out Focusing on the Mae Sot-Myawaddy zone near the Thai border with Burma (Myanmar), which has been an important textile and garment production center since the early 1990s, Arnold and Picldes show how a combination of practices of border reinforcement (due to geopolitical tensions between Thailand and Burma) and border crossing (due to well-established routes of illicit trade in gems, timber, and other natural resources) create the conditions for the exploitation of huge reserves of migrant workers on which the whole economy of Mae Sot relies. A multiplicity of boundaries surrounds the life and labor of these migrant workers from Burma, ranging from widespread racism to differentiated legal statuses, from prohibitions on the use of cell phones or motorbikes to restrictions on holding cultural events. A partial border citizenship emerges, which displaces the costs of reproducing the labor power of these migrant workers away from the state and employers. Along with this come low wages that make their conditions particularly fragile and precarious (Arnold and Picldes 2011, 1615). At stake in the highly monitored movement of these workers is a production of flexible subjectivity that is enmeshed in complex legal, cultural, and economic arrangements. Mangghystau Travel 2016.
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