Sweden's gateway to europe, Malmo is the country's third largest city. It was founded in the mid-13th century. Under Danish rule from 1397 to 1523, Malmo was an important town, but once it was returned to Sweden its position waned until an upturn in its fortunes at the end of the 18th century. Today, thanks largely to the Oresund Bridge and associated development, Malmo is once more in the spotlight.
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The city has a lively, distinctly European atmosphere and has become a centre for contemporary art and design. The old town is centred on Stortorget with its historic Town Hall and governor's residence.
The centre of Malmo is the square Stortorget, laid out in the 1530s by the town's mayor Jorgen Kock. Stortorget is dominated by Radhuset, the town hall, originally built in Renaissance Dutch style in 1546. Only the cellar remains of the medieval building, which had a stepped roof and served both as a prison and an inn. In the 1860s architect Helgo Zettervall carried out extensive renovation work, giving the town hall a completely new look. A number of changes were, in fact, made in the cellars, too (including the removal of the prisoners). The inn is still standing today and is one of the most popular bars in Malmo.
® Jorgen Kocks Hus.
Stortorget. To the public. Stortorget also contains Jorgen Kocks Hus, a large six-storey building with a stepped gable roof, constructed in 1525. Jorgen Kock, appointed mint-master for Denmark in 1518, moved the work of the mint.
To his house in Malmo. Four years later he was elected mayor of the city and became one of the most powerful men in Malmo. He was involved in the rebellion over the Danish succession and was captured and sentenced to death, but escaped and was reinstated as mayor of Malmo in 1540.
Stortorget. ?j to the public.
In the mid-18th century the two buildings Kungshuset and Gyllenpalmska Huset were combined to form the new governor's residence. Around 100 years later the building was given a new facade by architect F W Scholander, to which Helgo Zettervall adapted his extensive redesign of the town hall. Today the building is the home of the county governor.
St Petri Kyrka.
Goran Olsgatan 1. J 040-35 90 56. n daily by appointment, phone 040-35 90 49 to book 0 In a street behind Stortorget is Malmo's cathedral, St Petri Kyrka. Built in the early 12th century, the church was modelled on St Mary's in.
Liibeck and is made from red brick. The high tower, constructed in the late 19th century after two 15th-century towers collapsed, is a prominant landmark on the Malmo skyline. Originally the church contained beautiful limestone paintings, but these were removed during renovation in the mid-19th century. Only the paintings in Kramar-kapellet (the Tradesman's Chapel) are preserved in their medieval state.
The cathedral is full of treasures from the l6th and 17th centuries when Malmo's prosperity was at its height. The magnificent 15-m (49-ft) high altar in Renaissance style is beautifully ornamented, painted and gilded. The pulpit dating from 1599 is in sandstone and black limestone. Later additions include the organ front, a masterpiece created to a design approved by Gustav.
III in 1785. The original medieval organ is said to be the oldest working organ in the world and is now in Malmo Museum.
In Drottningtorget square, Vagnmuseum (the Carriage Museum) is housed in the 19th-century hussars' riding school. The museum contains a superior collection of horse-drawn carriages, from the elegant to the everyday, fire engines and bicycles.
Vagnmuseum is part of Malmo Museer and is covered by the joint entrance ticket.
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