La Paz Travel on . were at first common is formulated with a reference to the authority of Justin at the beginning of the section of Grotius’s De Jure Belli ac Pads (first published in 1625) devoted to the illustration of his theory of property (Grotius 2005, 420). Positing occupancy (occupatio) as a source for the establishment of property, Grotius provided an argument that proved influential for the legitimation of colonial conquest and violent appropriation of land. Interestingly, in his Perpetual Peace (1795), Immanuel Kant speaks of a common right of possession of the surface of the earth, arguing that because it is a globe, we cannot be infinitely scattered and must in the end reconcile ourselves to existence side by side (Kant 2010,18). Whereas Grotius refers primarily to the origin of private property, talcing land as a paradigmatic example, Kant’s argument allows us to reflect on the role of political borders in the partitioning of the surface of the Earth, which underlies the formation of political and legal territories, states, and peoples. Kant’s elaboration of a cosmopolitan theory of universal hospitality (the third definitive article of perpetual peace) is predicated on the establishment of such borders. Indeed, hospitality, for Kant, means the claim of a stranger entering foreign territory to be treated by its owner without hostility (17-18; see, for instance, Benhabib 2004,25-48, and Rigo 2007,162). La Paz Travel 2016.
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