Hittite Empire Map

The Phrygian collection, taken from the capital at Gordion and other cities controlled by these early people, including Alacahoyuk, Pazarii, Kultepe, Alisar and Ankara, is also very impressive. Phrygian works on display include cauldrons decorated with bull’s-heads, furniture, belt buckles and other metal and wooden pieces. The Urartian displays hold ivory, gold and silver pieces, jewelry inlaid with precious stones, cylinder seals, parts of a throne and other interesting objects. These date to the first quarter of the first millennium B.C., when the Urartians came to power in Eastern Anatolia. The museum lays claim to having the finest collection of Urartian artifacts in the world. The last section of the museum contains works and coins from the Classical Greek, Roman and Turkish periods. Temple of Augustus : The temple of Ankara has a long history; It was dedicated to Cybele, various fertility goddesses of Anatolia, the Moon god of the Phrygians and, finally, to the Roman Emperor Augustus. It was turned into a church in the 4th century by the Byzantines. The temple was probably built around 25 B.C. after the Province of Galatia was annexed by the Romans. It stands on a many-stepped podium which is some two meters high. It measures 36×55 meters, and was built in the Corinthian order. The inscriptions in both Latin and Greek that are seen on the walls of the temple were done in the second century; these are a systematic record of deeds of the Emperor Augustus. The temple was built facing to the west as were most of the Greek temples built in Anatolia. are thought to have been constructed in 1471, during the sultanship of Mehmet the Conqueror. The bedesten or covered bazaar is used as one of the exhibition halls and is a large, dome-topped central chamber surrounded by rows of shop stalls. The ten domes are supported by four thick columns. When Ataturk declared that the two buildings should be used for the establishment of a central Hittite Museum, reconstruction work began and most of the shops of the bedesten were removed. Several of them have been kept in their original state on the west side. The Kur§unlu Han building has three stories and was once used as an inn for weary travellers along the caravan route. Today the building is used for storage of archaeological finds, restoration and photographic studio space and as a seminar hall and library. The museum displays are in two sections. The central hall includes the large stone reliefs and sculptures that have been brought in from various archaeological sites; the side and end areas surrounding display the smaller finds. The monumental art of the Hittites, taken from the major Hittite centers is found in the central hall. These sites include Aslantepe, Karkami§, Alacahoyuk, Sakcagozii and others. The prehistoric Paleolithic and Neolithic periods are represented in the first section of the museum, which is on the right from the main entrance. A very interesting display is the replica of a Stone Age house that was excavated at the Neolithic site of Catal Hoyiik. Other displays from this period include wall paintings and a variety of smaller articles. The most interesting of the items in the’ Neolithic display cases are the fertility figurines. These items date to 6500-5600 B.C. Ankara Archaeological Museum. Libation scene, from Malatyu.

Hittite Empire Map Photo Gallery

Hittite Empire Map Photo Gallery

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