Germany Metro Map on a statement or series of answers to questions provided by an individual as to his or her state, feelings, beliefs, and so forth. Selfreport methods rely on the honesty and self-awareness of the participant and are used especially to measure behaviors or traits that cannot easily be directly observed. self-schema n. a cognitive framework comprising organized information and beliefs about the self that guides a person’s perception of the world, influencing what information draws the individual’s attention as well as how that information is evaluated and retained. self-serving bias the tendency to interpret events in a way that assigns credit to the self for any success but denies the self’s responsibility for any failure, which is blamed on external factors. The selfserving bias is regarded as a form of self-deception designed to maintain high self-esteem. Compare group-serving bias. Germany Metro Map 2016.