EKTHESIS of HERACLIUS

The patriarch Sergius of Constantinople d. 638, to resolve the question of monothelitism, affirmed that there are two natures in Christ, according to dyophysite doctrine, but only one operation energia, as the monophysites wanted. This doctrine came to be called monoenergism or monoergism. Sergius obtained from the emperor Heraclius the issuing of a document Ekthesis in 638, according to which in Christ there was only one operation and one will. Pope Martin and Maximus the Confessor opposed this new doctrine; the emperor Constans then issued the Typos, with which he banned discussion of the question of one or two wills in Christ. The Lateran Council of 649 rejected this new document, and both Martin and Maximus were arrested. Martin died in Crimea in 655; Maximus was tried and condemned in 662 and sent to Laico Georgia, where he died. M. Simonetti, Il Cristo, II, Testi teologici e spirituali in lingua greca dal IV al VII secolo, Milan 1986, 514ff.; 633ff.; M. Simonetti, Un falso Ippolito nella polemica monotelita: VetChr 24 1987 113-146.

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