The historical martyrologies put this saint on 24 November at Rome, the manuscripts of Mart. hier. at Rome or at Aquileia. Chrysogonus was in fact a martyr of Aquileia; we know only his name, though his cult is attested very early in that city. The Roman feast, also included in the Leonine, Gelasian and Gregorian Sacramentaries, probably commemorates the dedication of the Titulus Chrysogoni at Trastevere, which already existed in the 5th c. The founder of this Roman titulus was made into a martyr by adapting the Passion of Chrysogonus of Aquileia to him, and 24 November became the date of his death. According to the legend of Anastasia, Chrysogonus instructed that saint in the faith and was beheaded at Aquileia under Diocletian.
The churches of Rome, Ravenna mosaic of S. Apollinare Nuovo and Milan include Chrysogonus among the martyrs of the canon of the Mass. In the 8th c. the Frankish king Pepin the Short considered Chrysogonus his personal protector. BHL 1795-1797; AB 102 1984 176; BS 4, 306-308; LCI 5, 511-512; F. Lanzoni, Le diocesi d’Italia, Faenza 1927, 866-871; F. Lanzoni, I titoli presbiterali di Roma antica nella storia e nella leggenda: RivAC 2 1925 195-257; M. Mesnard, La basilique de saint Chrysogone Rome, Vatican City 1935; H. Delehaye, ‰tude sur le lgendier romain, Brussels 1936 repr. 1968, 151-171, 221-249; E. Donckel, Ausserrmische Heilige in Rom, Luxemburg 1938, 20-23; V.L. Kennedy, The Saints of the Canon of the Mass, Vatican City 2 1963, 136-138; V. Saxer, L’hagiographie ancienne d’Aquile: MEFRA 92 1980 373-392; J.-C. Picard, Le souvenir des vªques, Rome 1988, 580-582; B. Kuhn-Forte, Handbuch der Kirchen Roms 4, Vienna 1997, 365-401.
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