Chelyabinskaya Travel on Its production surpassed that of wheat. However, sugar production exhausted the soil requiring ever new lands and people to harvest it. Other crops that were, like sugar, not indigenous to Europe rose to prominence during this period, such as bananas, tea, coffee, and indigo. This was a period of sustained and widespread diffusion of plant genetic material around the world. European agriculture benefited considerably from the transfer of such plant genetic material from the socalled New World. Two crops from the New World that became a staple for factory workers during the industrialization of Europe were corn and potatoes. These two crops offered lots of calories and made it possible to cheaply feed the worker population of Europe. Chelyabinskaya Travel 2016.