CANONS NICENE

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The Council of Nicaea of 325 published 20 canons. The Arabic translation enlarges the collection in two versions which are substantially the same and differ only in the arrangement of the canons. One version has 80 canons Mansi 2, 947-982, the other 84 Mansi 2, 982-1010. They were discovered in the West in the 16th c. by Giovanni Battista Romano and were immediately translated into Latin; the translation of the second collection goes back to Abraham Ecchellensis. They come from the Melkite church and were later accepted by the Coptic and Chaldean churches Maruta of Maipherqat. CPG 8523; Hfl-Lecl 1, 511-523; W. Riedel, Die Kirchenrechtsquellen des Patriarchats Alexandrien, Leipzig 1900; G. Graf, Geschichte der christlichen arabischen Literatur, Rome 1930, vol. 1, 586-593; J.B. Darblade, La collection canonique arabe des Melkites XIIIe siècles, Vatican City 1946; Coptic Encyclopedia 6, 1789- 1790; D. Ceccarelli Morolli, I canoni Arabo-Niceni e la loro probabile relazione con la Nubia Cristiana: Utrumque Ius 26 1994 534-550.

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