Galleria del Costume The clothes reflect changing fashion at the court of the Grand Dukes during the FLORENâ€™CE AREA BY AREA Exploring the Palazzo Pitti The palatine gallery was added to the Palazzo Pitti by the Medici family in the 17th century. The frescoed walls were hung with masterpieces from their private collection and the gallery was opened to the public in 1833. Other attractions in the Palazzo include the richly refurbished state apartments, the Medici collection of jewellery and treasures, the gallery of modern art and an exhibition of 18thand 19th-century costumes. The Palatine Gallery The gallery contains a superb collection of works dating from the Renaissance and Baroque. They are hung as the 17thand 18th-century Medici Grand Dukes wished, placed purely for their effect, regardless of subject or chronology. The decoration of the rooms in the gallery reflects the tastes and preoccupations of the time. Rooms 1 to 5 are painted with Baroque ceiling frescoes begun by Pietro da Cortona between 1641-7, and finished by his pupil Ciro Ferri in 1665. They allegorize the education of a prince by the gods. In Room 1, the prince is torn from the love of Venus by Minerva (knowledge) and in the following rooms he is taught science from Apollo, war from Mars and leadership from Jupiter.