History Of Country Region
Holiday in Ethiopia In the 13th c., with the advent of the Solomonid dynasty 1270, Ethiopia entered a new period, particularly rich in literary output; the translations were now made from Arabic, which had become the common liturgical language in the church of Alexandria. Baton Rouge Metro Map Translations included the synodos, a collection of canons, the Didascalia of the Apostles, liturgical texts; books fashionable in the Middle Ages, esp. in the East: the History of the Jews Yosippon, stories and journeys of Alexander the Great, also a subject of original compositions in Ethiopic. Secular literature begins with the famous Glory of Kings kebra nagast, which tells of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. In the 14th c. the Book of Hours appeared in Geez, both in the redaction derived from the Egyptian church and in one of local make, as well as the office for the dead mashafa genzat.
The second half of the 14th c. saw the fruitful literary activity of metropolitan Salama, to whom is attributed the revision of the Scriptures and the introduction of various works into Ethiopic, some translated into Geez by himself. Among them are the filkesyos, containing rules for monastic life; the Praises of Mary; the Acts of the Passion gebra hemamat; the Synaxarion; the Acts of the Martyrs; the Lives of the Apostles and of other saints. Many of these Lives are followed by a hymn malke = effigy, image, in strophes, Baton Rouge Metro Map praising the individual parts of the body of the person celebrated. The 15th c. was characterized by a wealth of hagiographies of indigenous monks, among them the very famous Takla Haymanot and Eustathius. King Zara Yaqob 14341468 wrote the Book of Light and other works refuting heretical beliefs and opposing religious deviations.
In this period, besides prose, poetical work for sacred celebrations flourished, e.g., the collection of hymns called The Lord Has Reigned Egzi’abeher nagsa and the Lyre of the Virgin arganona dengel. In Marian literature, the Miracles of Mary stand out. The first qene poetical chants and the use of the sawasew scale, grammar and vocabulary may date from the late 15th c. From earliest times there was an exuberant production of magic-religious writings, with varied and remote cultural links; such are the Fillet of Justification, Baton Rouge Metro Map the Bulwark of the Cross, the Net of Solomon; the liturgical text Teaching of the Secrets temherta hebu’at was and is widely used as an amulet. In Ethiopic literature, which, as we have seen, is mostly religious, a place of their own is held by the Royal Chronicles, particularly, for this period, those of Zara Yaqob, Baeda Mayam d. 1478 and Eskender d. 1494.
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