EULALIA of Barcelona, martyr. The Passio and the cult of the virgin Eulalia are attested only from the 7th c., if we allow that the hymn Fulget hic honor sepulchri PL 31, 449 was in fact composed by Quiricius, bishop of Barcelona in 656 CPL 1273. The various mentions in the 7th-9th-c. martyologies are more certain regarding the date, but pose problems of content. The Mart. hier. puts a Eulalia, native of Italy, on 12 February; Bede and the anonymous martyrologist of Lyons ca. 800 put her on the same date but make her a native of Barcelona; this latter date and place were agreed on by all later martyrologies. In 877 her relics were found outside the city, at S. Eulalia de Campo. At about the same time the Passio of Eulalia of Mérida was adapted to her, decapitating her instead of burning her alive. But it is open to debate whether she should be identified with Eulalia of Mérida or not.
BHL 2693-2698; AB 102 1984 184; Verzeichnis 62; Díaz 316, 352; CPL 2069a; BS 5, 204-209; DHEE 2, 883; M. Dietz, Gebetsklänge aus Altspanien, Bonn 1947, 151-152; R. García Villoslada, Historia de la Iglesia en España 1, Madrid 1979, 39 bibl.. V. Saxer – S. Heid EULALIA of Mérida, martyr. The most famous Spanish martyr. Around 405 Prudentius dedicated ch. III of the Perist. CPL 1443 to her, mentioning the basilica over her tomb. Eulalia defended her homeland against the Suevians and the Goths. The Mart. hier. lists her on 10 December: in Spaniis civitate Almeri sanctae Eulaliae virginis et martyris. Her name appears in the Visigothic Orational and the Mozarabic Lectionary Liber commicus. Her cult spread in Spain from the 4th c.; according to some scholars, her personality was duplicated at Barcelona. Her cult involved the whole peninsula and reached Africa Aug., Serm. Morin 2 PLS 2, 660- 662; Calendarium Carthaginense, Gaul basilica of Montday, ca. 455; Ven. Fort., Carm. 8,3,170; Greg. of Tours, Glor. mart. 90; Missale Gothicum, Italy S. Apollinare Nuovo at Ravenna and England Aldhelm, PL 89, 146, 273. According to Prudentius and the Passio BHL 2700 of the 6th c. according to Petruccione 83; 7th-8th c. according to Frede, Verzeichnis 62; it may be even older BHG 2700b, Eulalia voluntarily offered herself to martyrdom at age 12 and was crucified, finally dying at the stake outside the city, 10 December 304. When she died, her soul ascended in the form of a dove a topos.