Aurelian

AURELIAN, emperor d. 275. Lucius Domitius Aurelian, emperor from 270275; fought successful wars against the barbarians on the Rhine and Danube, and in the East against Zenobia, queen of Palmyra. He reformed the coinage and built the stillexisting wall around Rome. A fervent devotee of the gods, in 274 he had a temple built in the city to the sun god, whose worship he made obligatory. For this reason he intended to resume persecution of the Christians, to whom he had not previously been hostile; he had intervened in the dispute between Paul of Samosata and Domnus over the see of Antioch, ruling that the church should be handed over to the bishop recognized by the Roman pontiff and the other Italian bishops Eus., HE VII, 30 a de facto admission of a Roman supremacy. According to Eusebius of Caesarea, Aurelian intended to persecute the Christians HE 7,30,20-21, though Lactantius speaks as though the persecution began only once the emperor had been assasinated. L. Pareti, Storia di Roma e del mondo romano, VI, Turin 1961; R. MacMullen, Christianizing the Roman Empire: A.D. 100-400, New Haven CT 1984; It. tr., La diffusione del cristianesimo nell’Impero romano 100400, Rome-Bari 1989; M.H. Dodgeon – S.N.C. Lieu, The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars, AD 226-363, London-New York 1991; V. Cubelli, Aureliano imperatore: dalla rivolta dei monetieri alla riforma monetaria, Florence 1992; E. Cizek, L’empereur Aurlien et son temps, Paris 1994; M. Christol, L’Empire romain du IIIe  si¨cle. Histoire politique 192- 325 apr¨s J.-C., Paris 1997; A. Watson, Aurelian and the Third Century, London 1999; S. Roda, Profilo di storia romana. Dalle origini alla caduta dell’Impero d’Occidente, Rome 2001.

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Aurelian

Aurelian

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