ASTERIUS

ASTERIUS the Sophist 4th c.. Native of Cappadocia, pupil of Lucian of Antioch, he supported Arius from the first: with Arius he was the major theoretician of first-generation Arianism. We know that he had apostatized during Diocletian’s persecution, and his opponents often brought this up against him. We know little of his movements during the Arian controversy, however; we last see him at the Council of Antioch of 341. The fact that we have some of his homilies has caused some to think that in his last years he was elected bishop of an unknown see. He wrote two works on the controversy: a Syntagmation, a summary of Arian doctrine, and a somewhat later work, dated right after the Council of Nicaea. Athanasius preserves fragments of the former, Marcellus of Ancyra of the latter; while the former presents Arian doctrine in its radical form typical of Arius before Nicaea, the latter offers a more attenuated subordinationism: here the Son is defined as the image, without difference from the Father in divinity, substance and power an expression little compatible with early Arianism. Philostorgius HE II, 15 rebukes Asterius for moderating his initial Arianism. Jerome Vir. ill. 94 mentions Asterius’s commentaries on the psalms, the gospels and Romans. There was no trace of these works until Richard and Skard ascribed 31 homilies to Asterius, 29 of them on the psalms not all of certain authenticity, however, and fragments of a commentary, also on the psalms. W. Kinzig attributes these exegetical works to another person called Asterius the Homilist, an author active in the late 4th and early 5th c. at Antioch or nearby. On the whole, the exegesis is traditional in its christological reading of the OT text and seems deliberately to avoid doctrinal investigation, apart from generically orthodox expressions Christ generated from the Father ante saecula, etc., evidence of a certain detachment in the late Asterius from the issues of the Arian controversy. Editions: CPG II, 2815-2819; Quasten II, 196-200; G. Bardy, Astrius le Sophiste: RHE 22 1926 221-272; W. Kinzig, Asterios Homilet: LTK3  1,1101; Id., Asterios, Sophist: LTK3  1, 1102; Oxford Dict. of the Christian Church 1997, 118; W. Kinzig, Asterius der Homilet: LACL 1998 56-57; Id., Asterius der Sophist von Kappadozien: ibid., 57-58. Edizioni e traduzioni: M. Vinzent ed., Asterius von Kappadokien. Die theologischen Fragmente: Einleitung, kritischer Text, bersetzung und Kommentar, LeidenNew York-Cologne 1993; W. Kinzig ed., Asterius, Homilie 31 Richard, Neuedition, bersetzung, Kommentar: VChr 50 1996 401-415; Id. ed., PsalmenhomilienAsterius: eingeleitet, ¼bersetzt und kommentiert, Stuttgart 2000, 2 vols. Studies: G. Bardy, Astrius le Sophiste: RHE 22 1926 221-272; S. Giversen, Liber Asterii and the New Testament: Studia Theologica 19 1965 47-54; J. Duplacy, L’Homlie II d’Astrius le Sophiste, homlie de l’Octave Pascale?: Muson 86 1973 275-282; G. Gelsi, Kirche, Synagoge und Taufe in den Psalmenhomilien des Asterios Sophistes, Vienna 1978; M.P. Ciccarese, Un retore esegeta: Asterio il Sofista nell’om. 13 sul Salmo 7: ASE 2 1985 59-69; M.F. Wiles – R.C. Gregg, Asterius: A New Chapter in the History of Arianism?, in R.C. Gregg ed., Arianism: Historical and Theological Reassessments, Philadelphia 1985, 111-151; M.P. Ciccarese, La composizione del corpus asteriano sui Salmi: ASE 3 1986 7-42; W. Kinzig, Erbin Kirche: die Auslegung von Psalm 5,1 in den Psalmenhomilien des Asterius und in der Alten Kirche, Heidelberg ASYLUM, Right of 1990; Id., In Search of Asterius: Studies on the Authorship of the Homilies on the Psalms, Gttingen 1990; Id., Asterius Sophista oder Asterius Ignotus? Eine Antwort: VChr 45 1991 388-398; Id., Bemerkungen zur Psalmenexegese des Asterius, in J. van Oort – U. Wickert eds., Christliche Exegese zwischen Nicaea und Chalcedon, Kampen 1992, 104-131; M. Vinzent, Gottes Wesen, Logos, Weisheit u. Kraft bei Asterius und Markell von Ankyra: VChr 47 1993 170-191; Id., Die Gegner im Schreiben Markells von Ankyra an Julius von Rom: ZKG 105 1994 285-328; Id., Ps. Athanasius, Contra Arianos IV. Eine Schrift gegen Asterius, Leiden 1996.Martyr Marinus the Soldier at Caesarea in Palestine – Orthodox … travelquaz

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