ASCENSION

ASCENSION. Acts 1:9-11 describes the ascension of Jesus 40 days after his resurrection, on the Mount of Olives Acts 1:3, 12. The church of the first centuries, which celebrated the death, resurrection and glorication of the Lord together at Easter, did not have a feast of the ascension see Ep. Barn. 15,9. The ascension as a specific feast of the return of Christ to the Father, fixed on the fortieth day after Easter, goes back to the late 4th c. In the East the first testimonies are 1 the Apostolic Constitutions, which report, ca. 380, the first distinct celebration of the ascension on the fortieth day after Easter, whereas Pentecost became the feast of the Holy Spirit; 2 Gregory of Nyssa in 388 CPG 3178; and 3 John Chrysostom 386397 CPG 4342. The first testimonies in the West are Chromatius of Aquileia, before 408 CCL 9A, 33-37, and Filaster of Brescia, 380390 CCL 9, 304. Augustine still calls the feast Quadragesima Ascensionis: his sermons Serm. 261-265 attest to the liturgical usage of Hippo, undoubtedly also that of Carthage. The first evidence for Jerusalem is the Armenian lectionary 417ca. 438; for Rome, Leo I, 444445 CPL Tract. 73-74; the euchological formularies of the Sacramentarium Leonianum are the oldest in the Roman liturgy. The Visigothic Liber Commicus may preserve the primitive system of Mass-readings of the Hispanic liturgy, which are: 2 Kgs 2:1-15; Acts 1:1-11; Lk 24:36-53. The last two readings are common to the Byzantine liturgy. With the Carolingian reform the use of these two readings seems to have become general. In the 7th c. the feast was given a vigil, in the 11th c. an octave. Brescia: before 391; Aquileia: before 408; Jerusalem: ca. 450; Rome: before 461.Ascension of Jesus – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia travelquaz

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