ARSENIUS the Great d. Ca. 449. The barbarian invasion of 407 dealt a heavy blow to the primitive organization of the famous monastic center of the desert of Scete. Due to a combination of different circumstances, monastic life during the 5th c.
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Became more cenobitic. With Poemen, Arsenius is one of the most illustrious figures of this period of transition. Daniel, a young disciple of the elderly Arsenius, summed up his life in an apophthegm PG 65, 105-108, Arsenius 42. It should be particularly emphasized that Arsenius was distinguished among his fellows both by social origin and by education he had been tutor to Arcadius and Honorius at the court of Byzantium and in this sense is the typical example of flight from the world to the desert to find God. According to a catechesis of Theodore the Studite, he began his stay at Scete as a disciple of John Colobos PG 99, 853-854. It is very difficult to date the different periods of his life precisely. Of J.C. Guy's attempted chronology, we can ascertain his arrival at Scete at least ca. 394 and his death at 95, ca. 449. The alphabetical collection of Apophthegmata Patrum preserves a long series of 44 logia, or anecdotes, attributed to Arsenius PG 65, 87-107, to which J.C. Guy has added a new part. G. Garitte found and published a Georgian version of a letter of Arsenius; there is no decisive argument against its authenticity. Arsenius is commemorated in the Alexandrian Coptic Synaxarium on 13 Basan 8 May in the Julian calendar. CPG 5545-5554; BHG 167-169; J. Forget, Synaxarium Alexandrinum II CSCO 90, Scriptores arabici, 13, versio, Louvain 1926, 117-118; G. Garitte, Une Lettre de S. Ars¨ne en gorgien: Muson 68 1955 259-278; J.C. Guy, Recherches sur la tradition grecque des Apophthegmata Patrum Subs. Hagiographica, 36, Brussels 1962, 20; Id. Le centre monastique de Scete au IVe et au dbut du Ve si¨cle. Prosopographie et histoire, Th¨se de doctorat dactylographie, Rome 1963, 154-158; L. Regnault, Troisi¨me recueil et tables, Solesmes 1976, 202-204; Id. Les Sentences des P¨res du dsert. Collection alphabtique, 1, Solesmes 1981, 23-26, 329; M. Van Parys, La lettre de Saint Ars¨ne: Irnikon 54 1981 62-86. Venerable Arsenius the Abbot of Komel, Vologda – Orthodox Church … travelquaz
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