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ANASTASIA

ANASTASIA Protagonist of one of the longest and most romanticized “Roman Passions,” a group of epic passions composed ca. 5th c. The account the Passio sanctae Anastasiae, or Passio sancti Chrisogoni et sociorum is of the daughter and wife of obstinately pagan Roman aristocrats, living in Rome at the time of Diocletian. Her difficult marriage a kind of preamble to martyrdom with Publius, a pagan hostile to her choice of life and behavior, made of her a model for married women at a time when virginity was coming to be regarded as the highest value to which a Christian is called. In the literary text her events are tied to those of Chrysogonus; to the three martyrs Agape, Chionia and Irene; and to Theodotus and her three sons, and they take place in the most disparate places of the empire, from Rome to Aquileia, Thessalonica to Nicaea. Originally written in Latin, the account is the result of the combination in an altogether external way of at least four different hagiographical texts about Anastasia, the noble wife and then widow who gives evidence of her charity by successively caring for the individual martyrs. The figure is entirely legendary, very probably composed to lend a quality of sanctity to the foundress of a titulus the titulus Anastasiae. It is assimilated to Anastasia of Sirmium, whose cult is attested at Constantinople her relics were transferred there from Sirmium mid-5th c. and at Rome, where as mentioned there was a titulus Anastasiae. The church, already important for its location within the city, was dedicated in the late 5th or early 6th c. Leo the Great 440–461 preached his homily against Eutyches and the monophysites in the titulus Anastasiae; at the time of Gregory the Great 594–604 three Christmas Masses were celebrated in the church, the second dedicated to Anastasia and presided over by the pope. In the Notitia ecclesiarum urbis Romae 7th c. the church is in the third position, after the Lateran basilica and that of St. Maria Maggiore. Feast is 22 December at Constantinople, 25 December at Rome. BHL 401-403; DACL 12,1919-1924; H. Delehaye, Étude sur le légendier romain, Brussels 1936, 151-171, 221-249 Latin text, 250-258 Gk. tr.; BS 1,1042-1109; F.E. Consolino, Modelli di santità nelle più antiche Passioni romane, in L’agiografia latina nei secoli IV-VII. XII Incontro di studiosi di antichità cristiana: Augustinianum 24 1984 83-113; A. Simonetti, Le fonti agiografiche di due drammi di Rosvita: Studi Medievali, s. III, 30 1989 661-695; K. Cooper, Of Romance and Mediocritas: Re-reading the Martyr Exemplum in the Passio Sanctae Anastasiae, in Modelli di santità e modelli di comportamento. Contrasti, intersezioni e complementarietà, Turin 1994, 107-123; Il grande libro dei Santi. Dizionario enciclopedico 1, Turin 1998, 115-118.anastasia – DeviantArt travelquaz

ANASTASIA

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