AITHALLA of Edessa

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AITHALLA of Edessa d. 345/348. Aeithalas in Greek, Aithalaha or Ithalaha in Syriac, Atheghahay in Armenian, bishop of Edessa 324–345/348. According to the 6th-c. Chronicle of Edessa, he became famous for the construction of a cemetery east of the Mesopotamian metropolis. He subscribed to the Council of Nicaea. A letter has been attributed to him, preserved in Armenian and published by P.I. Thorossian in 1942, which is considered authentic by A. Vööbus, who employs it to show the use of the Diatessaron at Edessa before Rabbula; this “Letter of Aithalla, Bishop of Edessa” has been examined by M.G. de Durand from a dogmatic perspective. The existence of a synodal letter from the Council of Nicaea would indeed be of extraordinary interest. Its trinitarian doctrine is highly evolved, whereas its Christology predates Ephesus. It seems to have in mind esp. the errors of the Audiani, a sect which began at Edessa ca. 340. The letter could be only late 4th c., or perhaps its trinitarian doctrine was altered. The letter was recently restudied by Bruns, who considers it an important source of the earliest Syriac theology. Regarding the Diatessaron, in fact, the most recent studies seem to acknowledge a use at Edessa before Rabbula. After the Council of Ephesus 431 it was burned together with the works of Theodore of Mopsuestia and Nestorius. Some fragments of this work, cited I believe by the Doctrina Addai, are known to us, not only through Ephrem the Syrian, who commented on them, but also by Aphraates 3rd-4th c. and by a scrap of parchment from Dura Europos 3rd c. with a Greek translation of the Syriac text, according to Welles. P.I. Thorossian, Aithallae episcopi edesseni epistula ad Christianos in Persarum regione de fide, Venice 1942, 75; M.G. Durand, Un document sur le concile di Nicée? RSPh 50 1966 615-627; A. Vööbus, Studies in the History of the Gospel Text in Syriac, CSCO 128, Subs. 3, Louvain 1951, 40; J.M. Fiey, Jalons pour une histoire de l’Église en Iraq, CSCO 370, Subs. 38, Louvain 1970, 125, note 60; C.B. Welles et al., The Excavations at DuraEuropos, V/1, New Haven 1959, 73-74; M.E. Boismard, Le Diatessaron: de Tatien à Justin, Études Bibliques n.s. 15, 1992; P. Bruns, Aithallahas Brief über den Glauben. Dokument frühsyrischen Theologie, OC 76 1992 46-73; W. Petersen, Diatessaron, in Anchor Dict. of the Bible, II 1992 189-190; J. Teixidor, Bardesane d’Édesse: la première philosophie syriaque, Paris 1992, 21, 23 and 123; P. Bruns, Brief Aithallahas, des Bischof von Edessa Urhai an die Christen des Perserlandes über den Glauben, OC 77 1993 120-136; C. McCarthy, Saint Ephrem’s Commentary on Tatian’s Diatessaron, Manchester-Oxford 1993, JSS Suppl. 2; T. Baarda, Essays on the Diatessaron, Kampen 1994; J.P. Lyon, Syriac Gospel Translations, Louvain 1994, CSCO 548, Subs. 88; W. Petersen, Diatessaron: Its Creation, Dissemination, Significance, and History in Scholarship, Leiden 1994, VC Suppl. 25; Id., The Diatessaron of Tatian, in The Text of the New Testament, eds. B.D. Ehrman – M.W. Holmes, Grand Rapids 1995, 777-796; I. Ramelli, Alcune osservazioni sulle origini del Cristianesimo nelle regioni ad est dell’Eufrate, in La diffusione dell’eredità classica nell’età tardoantica e medioevale, eds. R.B. Finazzi – A. Valvo, Alexandria 1998, 209-225.
Foro de Belenismo – Religión y espiritualidad -> Santoral por … travelquaz


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Foro de Belenismo – Religión y espiritualidad -> Santoral por … travelquaz

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AITHALLA of Edessa

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