AGRIPPA CASTOR

AGRIPPA CASTOR 2nd c.. Antignostic author who wrote, probably during the reign of Hadrian 117138, a most effective refutation of the exegetical works of the gnostic Basilides; according to Theodoret he also refuted Isidore Haer. 1,4, another gnostic. His work is lost, but Eusebius of Caesarea offers a brief summary Hist. eccl. 4,7,6-8. Jerome eulogizes him as a very cultured and strong person Vir. ill. 21. AGRIPPINUS of Carthage d. after 220. Cyprian twice mentions this bishop as his predecessor bonae memoriae Ep. 71, 4; 73, 3, and three times mentions the council held by him at Carthage ibid.; Ep. 70,1 some years ago Ep. 73,3. The council is thought to have met ca. 220 and was the first known African council; it already indicates, with the convocation of the bishops of Proconsular Africa and Numidia Aug., Ep. 71,4, the primacy of the bishop of Carthage, due to the antiquity and importance of the city and the prestige of the church. The council may have been linked to the question of the penitence accorded adulterers by pope Callistus. It also decided that only baptism conferred by Catholics should be considered legitimate. Augustine Ep. 3,13,14 says that 70 bishops participated Bapt. 3,13,14 and Ep. 70,1; 71,4; 73,3; 93,10,35. DTC 1, 637-8; L. Duchesne, Histoire ancienne de l’‰glise, I Paris 1906, 422; Hfl-Lecl 1, 154-5; Monceaux 1, 19ff.; Fliche-Martin, Storia della Chiesa ed. it., vol. II, Turin 1972, 133, n. 135; J.-L. Maier, L’piscopat de l’Afrique romaine vandale et byzantine, Bibliotheca Helvetica Romana 11, Rome 1973, 253 and passim; F. Decret, Le christianisme en Afrique du Nord Ancienne, Paris 1996, 45, 64, 84, 113; J.A. Fischer – A. Lumpe, Die Synoden von den Anf¤ngen bis zum Vorabend des Nicaenums, in W. Brandm¼ller ed., Konziliengeschichte, Paderborn-Munich- ViennaZ¼rich 1997, 50-52; 153-157; 159-161; 235; 240ff.; 247; 280ff.
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