ADEODATUS

ADEODATUS I or Deusdedit, pope Rome and Milan. When his mother returned to Africa, he stayed with his father and his grandmother Monica Conf. 6,15,25. After his father’s conversion, he went with him to Cassiciacum and, though very young, took part with him in philosophical disputes De b. vita 6. He was baptized with his father by Ambrose on 24-25 April 387 Conf. 9,6,14 and was present at the death of Monica at Ostia Tiberina Conf. 9,12,29.31. Returning to Africa, at Thagaste he joined with those who followed Augustine in the experience of common life Possidio, Vita di S. Ag. 3,1-2. He was his father’s interlocutor there in the dialogue De magistro; the thoughts expressed therein are his at age 16. He died between 389391 before his father became a priest. Gifted with great goodness and extraordinary intelligence, he was a source of admiration and even astonishment for Augustine, who had had even more extraordinary proofs of his gifts: horrori mihi erat illud ingenium Conf. 9,6,14. BA 6,9-40; 13,667-669; PCBE 1, 32-34; G. Madec, Adeodatus: AugL 1,87-90; W.H.C. Frend, The Family of Augustine: A Microcosm of Religious Change in North Africa, in Atti del Congresso internazionale su s. Agostino 1986, Rome 1987, 135-151. A. Trap¨ ADEODATUS I or Deusdedit, pope 615-618. Succeeded Boniface IV 608615 on 19 October 615, five months after the death of his predecessor. The reason for the long vacancy was the usual one: the necessity, and at times the difficulty, of obtaining imperial approval. A native of Rome, Adeodatus guided the city and the church in still-difficult times, especially for Italy, which was dominated by the Lombards and afflicted by famines. The LP gives only two items about him: he transferred some goods from monks to the secular clergy and authorized priests to celebrate two Masses in two different churches or maybe two Masses per day in the same church: the text is not clear. Adeodatus was the first pope to allow embellishment of his own funeral. He died 8 November 618 and was buried in the basilica of St. Peter. Jaff I, Leipzig 1885, 222; LP I, 319-320; AASS, Novembris, III, Brussels 1910, 832-834; E. Caspar, Geschichte des Papsttums, II, 1933, 517-518; O. Bertolini, Roma di fronte a Bisanzio e ai Longobardi, Bologna 1941, 300; BS I, 250-251 I. Daniele; J.N.D. Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, Oxford-New York 1986, 69; LTK3 3,115-116 G. Jenal; EPapi I, Deusdedit 582-583 G. Arnaldi. M. Spinelli ADEODATUS II, pope 672676. Native of Rome, a monk in the monastery of St. Erasmus on the Caelian Hill. He succeeded Vitalian I and was consecrated on 11 April 672. Little is known of his pontificate. The general political climate of those years was characterized by bloody internal fights at Byzantium and a constant expansion of the Arabs in Asia and Africa. Adeodatus continued to combat monothelitism. He also granted the privilege of exemption to the monasteries of St. Martin of Tours and St. Peter at Canterbury. AASS, Iunii, Antwerp 1709, 155; Jaff I, 237; LP I, 364-365; J. Harttung, Diplomatisch-historische Forschungen, Gotha 1879, 120-121; F. Camombreco, Il monastero di S. Erasmo sul Monte Celio: Archivio storico della R. Societ  di Storia Patria 28 1905 272-276; O. Bertolini, Roma di fronte a Bisanzio e ai Longobardi, Bologna 1941, 364-365; J.N.D. Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, Oxford-New York 1986, 76-7; LTK3 1,156 B. Kriegbaum; EPapi I, 609-610 G. Arnaldi.
Today in History: 13 November 615: Election of Pope Adeodatus I travelquaz

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